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Read e-book online A Century of Science Publishing: A Collection of Essays PDF

By Einar H. Fredriksson

ISBN-10: 1441601422

ISBN-13: 9781441601421

ISBN-10: 1586031481

ISBN-13: 9781586031480

Publishers and observers of the technology publishing scene remark in essay shape on key advancements in the course of the twentieth century. the dimensions of the worldwide examine attempt and its commercial association have ended in monstrous raises within the released quantity, in addition to new ideas for its dealing with. the previous languages of technological know-how verbal exchange, like Latin and German, have given option to English. The domination of eu technology sooner than global conflict II has been via huge efforts in North the US and the some distance East. The roots of the nationwide Library of drugs lie within the US military clinical library, the united states battle attempt gave upward thrust to hypertext, and the USA security response to the Soviet Sputnik ended in the web. the eu invention of the internet has additionally replaced the technology publishing scene some time past few years. a few attribute publishing companies, advertisement and society owned, are defined in a sequence of articles. those are by means of research of advancements and attainable alterations to return. features of publishers, librarians and brokers are introduced into context. the way forward for publishing is being debated on open channels, whereas the old size enter are often missing.

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Extra resources for A Century of Science Publishing: A Collection of Essays

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Also these restrictions (lifted under the Locarno Pact of 1926) clearly hindered to a large degree the export of German science literature. Germany was essentially excluded from scientific communication for 12 years. Therefore, it is a sign of the world standard of German science that from 1918 to 1933 again one third of all Nobel prizes for physics, chemistry and medicine were awarded to German scientists: 1918: Max Planck (Ph) 1918: Fritz Haber (Ch) 1919: Johannes Starck (Ph) 1920: Walter Nernst (Ch) 1921: Albert Einstein (Ph) 1922: Otto Meyerhof (Med) 1925: James Franck (Ph) 1925: Gustav Hertz (Ph) 1925: Richard Zsigmondi (Ch) 1927: Heinrich Wieland (Ch) 1928: Adolf Windaus (Ch) 1930: Hans Fischer (Ch) 1931: Robert Bosch (Ch) 1931: Friedrich Bergius (Ch) 1931: Otto Warburg (Med) 1932: Werner Heisenberg (Ph) After the end of WWI there was a significant gain in prestige for German exporters in that orders from enemy states’ libraries had not been cancelled but stored up.

The Japanese economy, in general, suffered not only as a result of the oil crisis but also from a shortage of electric power and a scant supply of paper. The publishing industry was no exception. Economic conditions were changing rapidly as the result of four successive hikes in the official bank rate following four successive reductions the previous year. 6% year-on-year increase. Publishers had trouble setting prices because of soaring production costs and a labor shortage. 1976: Ohmsha’s Hikari Fiber Tsushin Nyumon (Introduction to Optical Fiber Communications) was awarded the authorship prize by the Institute of Electronics and Communication Engineers of Japan and translation rights were sold to American and French publishers.

This scholarship continues to this day. The following year, 1940 (2600 according to the Japanese calendar) was also the year of a munitions boom sprung from the Sino-Japanese War. People were seen all over the country praying for victory. This was the year that the Metropolitan Police Headquarters introduced magazine controls and, as a result, Ohmsha and Denki No Tomosha were specified as surviving electricity-related publishing firms. There was a growing trend toward prohibiting the use of enemies’ languages.

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