By Keith W. Waldron
This publication presents a entire and systematic reference at the complicated biomass restoration and conversion strategies utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the booklet stories advancements in biorefining methods, via a evaluation of other varieties of biorefinery platform. the second one half the e-book discusses the wide variety of additional price items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.
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Such a tool can help us assess the use of bio-processes versus chemo-processes, for example. Many believe bio-processes are preferable to chemo-processes as they are superior in terms of environmental impact, since they use non-toxic components to selectively yield the targeted product. But as they are time-consuming and expensive, it is unrealistic to believe that chemo-processes will be entirely replaced by natural organism catalysed processes in the foreseeable future. 2 Drivers for change Our society faces a new challenge: as the current consumption model dominated by market demand is running out of breath, our society needs to adopt a more realistic and sustainable model based on the efficient and sustainable use of natural resources in order to sustain emerging economies at the standard established in the West over the last century.
For example, recently in Foreword xxxi New Zealand, my own country, an international forest paper pulp company has received government support to build a demonstration biorefinery with the aim to utilise plantation forest residues as the main feedstock, and formed a partnership with an oil company and the forest Crown Research organisation. The biorefinery model enables the agricultural and forest sectors to diversify their traditional markets and products, to become more energy self-sufficient, and to displace fossil fuel-based products with low carbon and renewable alternatives.
2009). As traditional resources such as oil and minerals become scarcer, their availability will become more politically controlled leaving them vulnerable to highly politicized negotiations and pricing. , 2003). Current management practices of waste should be replaced by strategies which have a lower environmental impact and which allow the recovery of marketable products for existing or new markets, thus offering Green chemistry, biorefineries and second generation strategies 19 added revenues for companies.
Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation by Keith W. Waldron