By Ben Dawes (ed.)
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Extra info for Advances in Parasitology, Vol. 3
Swynnertoni, G. austeni), mainly on suids or bovids (G. fusca, G. longipalpis, G. pallidipes), mainly on mammals other than suids or bovids (G. brevipalpis, G. 0 18 W. H. R. LUMSDEN longipennis) or on a variety of hosts including man (G. palpalis, G. fuscipes, G. tachinoides). It is interesting to note that the distribution of feeding habits does not follow the taxonomic grouping of Glossina; both the fuscu and the morsitans groups, for instance, include representatives of several of the host categories.
Wijers and Willett (1960) reviewed the conflicting evidence on the relation between the polymorphism of T. brucei subgroup organisms in the blood of their mammal host and the likelihood of Glossina becoming infected by feeding on the host. They point out that the greater susceptibility of Glossina to infection at its first, as compared to any subsequent blood meal (Wijers, 1958) may account for some of the inconsistencies in previous work. They attempted to avoid this inconsistency in their own studies by using only newly emerged G .
He considered the maintenance of the puparia in a high atmospheric relative humidity was an important factor for this success. c. Recognition of individual hosts used. Knight and Southon (1963) have developed a method by which the Glossina (and presumably other haematophagous insects) which have fed on an individual animal may be recognized. Trypan blue injected intravenously is used as a marker. This dye was detected by paper chromatography in the blood meals of all of 108 G . morsitans which fed on a marked ox up to 24 days after the injection of the dye and which were examined 2 or fewer days after feeding.
Advances in Parasitology, Vol. 3 by Ben Dawes (ed.)