By A. Carl LeVan
Africa is altering and one can disregard how decentralization, democratization, and new varieties of illiberalism have remodeled federalism, political events, and native politics. Chapters on Kenya, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and South Africa support fill an incredible hole in comparative institutional examine approximately kingdom and native politics in Africa.
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Additional info for African State Governance: Subnational Politics and National Power
Nigeria, which has operated and constantly tinkered with a federal system of government since 1954, has a long and instructive experience in confronting these challenges. Vertical revenue sharing A genius of the Nigerian system of federalism is the balanced accommodation of national and subnational resource revenue sharing claims. Conventional economic wisdom recommends the centralized control and taxation of resource rents and revenues in order to promote equitable national access to natural resources that are often unequally distributed inter-regionally, to discourage inefﬁcient, ﬁscally induced migration of citizens to resource-rich regions (which may use their access to natural resources to provide better public services and/or impose lower public taxes than other jurisdictions), and to allow the national government rather than weaker subnational jurisdictions to more effectively absorb and manage the volatility and instability associated with natural resource revenues (McKenzie 2006; Broadway and Shah 2007).
Devolution was embroiled in sheer vanity,’ Shilaho argues. ’ It is also unclear whether the new counties will increase social cohesion since the country was so regionally divided on how much power to devolve to them. Kalenjin and ethnic groups on the coast supported local control or majimbo as a safeguard against domination by ethnic Kikuyu. Highlighting the urban/rural nexus, Shilaho explains how Kikuyu control over land triggered these fears. For other reasons he discusses, territorial integrity has in fact already emerged as one of the major disputes between county governors and the national senate.
In Diamond, L. and Plattner, M. ) Democratization in Africa: Progress and Retreat, 103–120. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Brownlee, J. 2007. Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. , Leben, N. and Lo-Lujo, O. Y. 2013. From a Transitional to a Permanent Constitution: View of Men and Women in South Sudan on Constitution-Making. Washington, DC: National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. , Eisenstadt, T. and Hindley, J.
African State Governance: Subnational Politics and National Power by A. Carl LeVan